Who is on a Sanctions List?
Sanctions may be leveled as a result of a illegal activity or to achieve a foreign policy/diplomatic aim. They are normally passed by act of government, or by an international authority: a United Nations Security Council Resolution, for example.
Many sanctions lists include targets involved in the criminal financing of terrorist activities. In the United States of America, for example, the Patriot Act prohibits US businesses from providing ‘material support’ to groups suspected of terrorism, while the UN security council committee enforces legislation such as the Al Qaida and Taliban Order (2006), which serves a similar function. More generally, sanctions listings aim to counter:
- Terrorism and Terrorist financing
- Narcotics trafficking
- Human rights violations
- Weapons proliferation
- Violation of international treaties, e.g arms embargo
- Money laundering activities
How do Sanctions Lists work?
Governments and financial authorities around the world maintain a variety of targeted sanctions lists. Examples of sanctions lists include the United States’ Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN) List, and the consolidated lists used by the United Kingdom, the European Union, and the United Nations. Sanctions lists are generally made available online so that businesses are free to search and consult them prior to entering into a relationship with a foreign person or entity.
Sanctions lists should play an important role in a financial institution’s anti-money laundering (AML) policy – and will significantly affect how, and with who, that institution does business.
Using Sanctions Lists
While sanctions lists are conceptually straightforward, in practice they involve the processing of huge amounts of data, including not just the names of listed individuals but peripheral details such as known aliases, and geographic location.
Given that many businesses deal regularly with high volumes of clients and transactions, the act of navigating sanctions lists via a risk-based approach, and on a case-by-case basis, represents a significant administrative challenge – or even an impossibility. With this in mind, businesses may incorporate a range of useful screening tools to make the search process much more efficient. When choosing a screening platform, however, compliance requirements should be a priority: AML officers should make sure their platform is regularly scheduled to be updated for relevance and accuracy.
To maintain regulatory compliance, financial institutions must know what to do when they receive a name match on a sanctions list. Establishing the likelihood of a match should be the first step: many individuals use similar names, so false positives are common. Peripheral information, such as geographic location, may be used to establish the accuracy of the match – again, screening providers may prove useful by adding contextual details to searches, and subsequently increasing the efficiency of the resolution process.
Where confidence is high that a correct match has been returned, institutions should contact the relevant financial authority and await instruction.
Stay ahead of sanctions updates and protect your business with our proactive sanctions list screening tool.